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Biochemistry is a branch of science that deals with the chemical structural elements of living cells and the reactions and events they undergo throughout life.

Biochemistry is a science that examines the chemical substances in the structures of humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms and the chemical processes that go on throughout the lives of living things.

In the Department of Biochemistry, information is given about the roles of nucleic acids, enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and hormones, which are vital in the functioning of living metabolism, along with organic compounds such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, which are the basic building blocks of living things and are necessary for the maintenance of life.

Biochemistry, which is a multidisciplinary science, is at the centre of disciplines such as molecular biology, toxicology, immunology, microbiology, endocrinology, physiology, pharmacology, and epidemiology.

It is possible to basically divide the science of biochemistry into two.

  1. Basic Biochemistry: It is the science that studies the chemical substances in the structure of living things and the biochemical processes that are the basis of life.
  2. Clinical Biochemistry: It is a branch of science that examines the body and its various fluid and tissue parts expelled in terms of the diagnosis and course of diseases.

Main goals of biochemistry

  • To understand and describe chemical events related to living cells.
  • To be able to predict how life begins, how it develops and how it will develop.
  • To be able to benefit from technical and technological developments and put them into practice.

Scope; Biochemical events that occur wherever life exists.

Biochemistry is taught by dividing it into Biochemistry-I and Biochemistry-II courses in undergraduate programmes. In Biochemistry-I, the properties of the macromolecules are mainly given, and in Biochemistry-II, the metabolism.

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Edited on: 16 May 2024